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Updated on 06/19/2019
Published on 01/14/2013
Keywords: apprenticeship

An apprenticeship is intended to provide a young student with theoretical and practical training in order to obtain a vocational or technological qualification or diploma.  Introduced in 1997 at INRA, apprenticeship contracts respond to the Institute's desire to train young people in and through research.

Qualifications offered to apprentices

Each year, INRA hosts and trains apprentices with all levels of qualification in its different Research Centres (Research Units, Experimental Units and administrative services) for as long as the objective of the apprenticeship is linked to the missions and activities of the Institute.

The different qualifications that can be obtained include:

> Levels I & II: DECF (Diploma in Accounting and Finance Studies) and DESCF (Advanced Diploma in Accounting and Finance Studies), CNAM diploma (technical training), IUP (Vocational University Institute) degree, vocational degree and Master's degree, engineer or advanced technician diploma, etc. (e.g. Master's 2 degree in industry of languages and specialised translation, agricultural engineer);

> Level III: BTS (Advanced Technician Certificate), BTSA (Advanced Agricultural Technician Certificate), DUT (Technology University Diploma), etc. (e.g.: BTS Anabiotech, BTSA Plant Production or Animal Production);

> Level IV: Technical or Vocational Certificate, Technical or Vocational baccalauréat, etc. (e.g.: vocational baccalauréat in secretarial skills or the maintenance of mechanical automated systems);

> Level V: CAP (Vocational Aptitude Certificate), BEP (Vocational Studies Certificate), CAPA (Agricultural Vocational Aptitude Certificate), BEPA (Agricultural Vocational Studies Certificate), etc. (e.g.: CAP Vines and Wine, BEPA Perennial Crops or Horticultural Production, CAPA horticulture).

Apprenticeships are designed for young students who are aged 16 to 25 years when their contract starts, and for disabled students without any age limit.

Apprenticeship contracts

Apprenticeship contracts are established under public law, controlled and governed by the legal and regulatory conditions of the French Labour Code.  Apprentices have the status of salaried employees.  The duration of their contract is at least as long as the training cycle on which it is based (an average of two years).  The pay of apprentices is based on the minimum wage, but also depends on the training course followed, the apprentice's age and the length of service in the context of the contract.

Supervision of apprentices

During an apprenticeship, each apprentice is overseen by a supervisor accredited for this role as a function of his or her professional experience and the working environment offered to the student.

These supervisors are volunteers whose tasks are aligned with the training followed by the apprentice.  A supervisor contributes to the apprentice's acquisition of skills that correspond to the qualification being prepared, in collaboration with the regional Apprentice Training Centre (CFA).

Conduct of annual recruitment campaigns

Recruitment campaigns for apprentices run throughout the year and comprise two phases:

> Phase I: selection of supervisors
An INRA agent who wishes to supervise an apprentice must submit an application.  This is then reviewed by the INRA Apprenticeship Joint Committee which issues its opinion on each application, notably with respect to the quality of the training project presented and the conditions for hosting the future apprentice within the work group.  Based on the Commission's opinions, the Institute's central management takes a final decision regarding the applications retained.  The supervisors thus selected receive training in the hosting and management of these young students under optimum conditions.

> Phase II: recruitment of apprentices
The different INRA Research Centres then recruit apprentices for the contracts decided upon by central management.